Category Archives: News

Understanding entrepreneurial behaviour – 11th DARE seminar at NIKOS, University of Twente

The 11th DARE Seminar took place at the University of Twente, co-hosted by the Netherlands Institute for Knowledge-Intensive Entrepreneurship (NIKOS). Entrepreneurship researchers from all over the Netherlands and even Spain were able to network, create memories, and discuss many important new research insights that are vital to a better understanding of entrepreneurial behavior. Some of these include the role of mindfulness for taking entrepreneurial action, next to the role of entrepreneurs’ motives and coping strategies as resources that strengthen or weaken the stress effect of working conditions in the start-up and exit context. Furthermore, the role of simplified prototype and imagination for opportunity recognition was explored – also in the context of entrepreneurship education – next to discussing the role of creative leadership and dark triad traits in the corporate entrepreneurship context. Finally, participants gained interesting insights into the differential effects of optimism and overconfidence on entrepreneurial intention and orientation, as well as the linkages between narcissism and entrepreneurship, and BIS/BAS psychophysiology and entrepreneurship. In sum, by bringing together renown researchers with connectable foci on entrepreneurial behavior, the 11th DARE Seminar stimulated further engagement in nuanced research at the nexus of the enterprising individual and the entrepreneurial behavior.

NIKOS is organising quite some interesting Venture Classes and lectures. For example, in December a ‘Meet-the-editor-session‘ will take place with Marc Gruber (EPFL), who will share his experience as Deputy Editor at the Academy of Management Journal (AMJ).

Please have a look at the NIKOS event-calendar

On behalf of DARE and NIKOS we thank you for your interest.

“Context always matters!” – DARE research seminar at the VU Amsterdam


Thank you for organizing the excellent DARE seminar yesterday. What a great turnout, program, and interaction!” was one of the reactions after the 10th DARE research seminar on December 2 at the VU Amsterdam. Indeed, an even higher than expected number of participants attended the event, and there was a splendid atmosphere for discussing research. The program was focused around the often-adduced theme: the context of entrepreneurship.

Neil Thompson (VU Amsterdam) chaired the session and addressed the importance of the topic. He started the seminar stating that scholars in general, and editors of influential journals in particular, pointed out the need for a more process-orientated approach to entrepreneurship. He introduced us to ‘practice oriented theory’ and we learned about the importance of activity, performance, and work in the creation and perpetuation of entrepreneurial practices.

Find the welcoming word here and the presentation here.

Second Katrin Smolka (Erasmus University Rotterdam) took us on an interesting journey in the world of drones. Within this context of a new and developing industry, regulation and conduct are still in development. The reciprocity between different actors in this context (e.g. businesses and legislators/authorities) is shaping the landscape and this is still an ongoing process. The need for more dynamic approaches to model these conditions was evident.

For the presentation please contact the author(s).

Next up was Nardo de Vries (Maastricht University) who introduced the context of ‘nano’ businesses for innovative processes. He dove into the vast and growing world of solo self-employment trying to distinguish the more Schumpetarian-type of entrepreneurs. Employing a resource based perspective he explained that the type of cooperation mattered for the way that innovative output was achieved.

Please click here for the presentation.

Carla Costa (Utrecht University) presented a more economic historical story about the emergence of a cluster. Investigating the particularities of a technological cluster in Portugal evolving around ‘metal molds’, she found that the entrepreneurial activity, manifested as a large number of spinoffs was very high. Contextual factors helped explaining these developments.

For the presentation please contact the author(s).

The last presentation was from Marco van Gelderen (VU Amsterdam). In his own witty style he was able to present us the peculiar contextual differences of entrepreneurship in Russia compared to the Netherlands. By using anecdotes from research conducted in both countries, he presented outcomes that among others stipulated context differences like particularism versus universalism; autonomy versus necessity; ‘survival of the fittest’ versus passionate etc.

For the presentation please contact the author(s).

The dissemination was ‘wrapped up’ and ‘placed in context’ by a panel discussion with involvement of the audience. Panel members Roy Thurik (Erasmus University Rotterdam), Davide Ianuzzi (VU University), and Michel Ehrenhard (University of Twente) discussed questions like: How important is context and technological development for entrepreneurship? And what (new) methods do we need to properly investigate the contextual aspects of entrepreneurship?

All in all this 10th DARE research seminar led to great insights and plenty of food for thought that hopefully opens up new avenues for research and collaboration, also within DARE! Perhaps this can already be witnessed during a next DARE event organized in collaboration with NIKOS, University of Twente in Spring 2016.

For questions, comments, requests for the presentations or any other input please contact us at

See you again at the next DARE event!


Masterclass Family Business on Internationalization & Innovation: The Case of Weekamp Deuren B.V.

‘We schrijven al 30 jaar een spannend jongensboek.’ Zo opende Johan Weekamp op 14 december 2015 de masterclass over Innovatie en Internationalisering. Een volle klas met ruim 30 belangstellenden was te gast op het hoofdkantoor van Weekamp Deuren in Dedemsvaart. De masterclass was de laatste in een reeks van vier die werd georganiseerd door het Landelijk Expertisecentrum Familiebedrijven van Hogeschool Windesheim in samenwerking met BDO, Dommerholt Advocaten en de Rabobank.

Weekamp Deuren in Dedemsvaart

Weekamp Deuren in Dedemsvaart

Na een inleiding door Lector Familiebedrijven en DARE-fellow Ilse Matser, leidde Johan Weekamp zijn publiek van ondernemers en onderzoekers door de geschiedenis van het bedrijf. Gezeten tussen voordeuren in allerlei stijlen die de wanden versieren, luisterden de aanwezigen aandachtig naar het verhaal over de twee broers die al op jonge leeftijd het bedrijfsdeel van hun vader overnamen en het bedrijf samen met hun oom wisten uit te bouwen tot een grote, internationale onderneming met vestigingen in Indonesië en Tsjechië. Wat aan bod kwam was het succes van de huidige, internationale bedrijfsvoering, maar ook wat daaraan voorafgegaan was: de strategische keuze om de productie volledig te outsourcen, de zoektocht naar geschikte locaties, de aanpassing aan andere culturen, wetten en werkwijzen, de tegenslagen veroorzaakt door acties van plaatselijke milities maar ook door bijvoorbeeld corruptie van lokale machthebbers. En midden in die ontwikkeling was er nog de economische crisis waar het bedrijf doorheen geloodst moest worden en waarvoor – onder meer- gesnoeid moest worden in het personeelsbestand. Het werd een internationaliseringsverhaal van ups en downs. Wél een succesverhaal waarvoor – zoveel werd de aanwezigen wel duidelijk – ambitie, lef en daadkracht nodig is, maar ook geduld, voorzichtigheid en gewoon veel gezond verstand, want ‘Hoe mooi die gouden bergen in het buitenland er ook uitzien, de praktijk is altijd anders.’

Voor meer informatie over het Landelijk Expertisecentrum Familiebedrijven, klik hier.

Albertha Wielsma, onderzoeker Landelijk Expertisecentrum Familiebedrijven

Launch of CRSE: a new international think tank on self-employment and its impact on the economy

A new think tank devoted to research on self-employment and freelancing was launched on 26 November with a memorable celebration at the iconic National Gallery London. The Centre for Research on Self-Employment (CRSE) is a pioneering venture and will be the leading think tank working to improve the understanding of self-employment and its impact on the economy.

Through collaboration with a network of academics from around the world, the CRSE will deliver robust and multidisciplinary research into this now significant sector. The CRSE’s work will provide the basis for international comparisons and, ultimately, create a more informed and innovative library of knowledge on this topic. Another key function of the CRSE is to inform debate over regulatory issues which affect the self-employed. So far, at least three prominent members of DARE were invited to be involved in this think tank.

The Handbook of Research on Freelancing and Self-Employment
To coincide with the launch, the CRSE has published its first book, ‘The Handbook of Research on Freelancing and Self-Employment’. The Handbook includes contributions from leading international academics who, over thirteen chapters, explore a diverse set of topics surrounding freelancing and self-employment. For those who are interested in further reading, the book can be downloaded from the CRSE website at

What’s to come…
The Handbook is the first step in developing an accessible single source for key research into this sector, and just the beginning of much more to come from the CRSE. In the coming months new publications into self-employment trends across Europe and the UK will be published in the CRSE Research Library. The library will also play host to a series of videos that showcase the research and expert perspectives of some of the leading minds in self-employment studies, which were filmed at the Global Workshop on Freelancing and Self-Employment held 26-27 November 2015 in London.

IPSE, the Association of Independent Professionals and the Self Employed, is proud to support and be a catalyst in the development of the CRSE which is chaired by Professor Andrew Burke, Dean of Trinity Business School at Trinity College Dublin.

Commenting on the launch, CRSE Chairman Prof. Andrew Burke, Dean of Trinity Business School, Dublin, said: “The self-employed and freelancers are transforming business practices and career choice. Businesses are making greater use of freelancers to manage risk and drive growth through the adoption of more agile, flexible and innovative activities. We have come a long way from the situation in the last Century when freelancing was regarded as the domain of vulnerable workers. This new think tank brings together the world’s leading researchers in the field and engages them with industry in order to create a deeper knowledge of modern freelancing to better inform managers, entrepreneurs, public policy and those undertaking a freelance career.”

IPSE Chairman James Collings said: “In supporting the creation of the Centre for Research on Self-Employment, IPSE is striving to deepen our understanding of the people we represent. It is widely recognised that the self-employed have an important impact on modern economies, but they are a sector of the labour market that is often misunderstood and misrepresented. The CRSE will also play a key role in strengthening our ability to make evidence-based policy proposals to Government.“

DARE-fellow Erik Stam: State of Entrepreneurship in the Netherlands

DARE-Fellow Erik Stam gave a lecture on the State of Entrepreneurship in the Netherlands at the opening event of the Global Entrepreneurship Week. If you look at the number of new firms and independent entrepreneurial activity in the Netherlands over the last decade, you can see a doubling of these numbers, elevating the Netherlands far beyond most of the European benchmark countries (including Belgium, Germany, Denmark, Sweden). A miracle in itself, and one is tempted to say ‘the State of Entrepreneurship is Strong in the Netherlands’. However, there is some ambiguity if you delve more deeply into these numbers. The growth of entrepreneurship in the Netherlands is largely a growth of solo self-employed, and not of entrepreneurs with high growth ambitions. The devil is in the definition. The State of Entrepreneurship is Strong(er) in the Netherlands, but there is no reason to be satisfied: we can be a bit more ambitious. The State of Entrepreneurship in the Netherlands needs a second transition.

On November 23, public and private leaders and her Majesty the Queen Maxima gathered in The Hague to discuss the State of the SME sector (De Staat van het MKB) in the Netherlands. Here also the devil is in the definition: how do we define SMEs, and why do we think this is an important category in economy and society? Stam’s argument would be that entrepreneurship is the source of diversity in the economy, diversity that is a necessary element of economic progress. Much of this diversity finds its way into the economy via the ‘SME sector’: the generation, application and diffusion of new ideas. However, a substantial part of the SME sector is not involved in this game, and a lot of entrepreneurial action takes place within large enterprises (entrepreneurial employees) and in new coalitions of solopreneurs. So we need to go beyond the traditional focus on SMEs as the category of entrepreneurship, and both broaden and narrow our view on the State of Entrepreneurship.

DARE update: lancering ‘De Staat van het MKB’, onder toeziend oog van Koningin Máxima

Hare Majesteit Koningin Máxima is maandagmiddag 23 november aanwezig bij de lancering van ‘De Staat van het MKB’ in de Malietoren in Den Haag. Met dit nieuwe onafhankelijke platform willen overheid, bedrijfsleven en kennisinstellingen de in Nederland beschikbare kennis over het midden- en kleinbedrijf verbeteren. Naast een platform is De Staat van het MKB ook een samenwerkingsverband.

Op 23 november worden een website en een overzichtspublicatie gepresenteerd. De Staat van het MKB is een initiatief van het Nederlands Comité voor Ondernemerschap en Financiering, in samenwerking met het ministerie van Economische Zaken, het Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek (CBS), MKB-Nederland en DARE, bestaande uit enkele hoogleraren die zich richten op ondernemerschap. Betere informatievoorziening over het MKB moet eveneens leiden tot een verbetering van beleid en dienstverlening gericht op het MKB.

Tijdens de lancering komen diverse ondernemers aan het woord en geven samenwerkingspartners hun visie op het MKB en het belang van goede informatie en kennis hierover. Hoofdeconoom van het CBS, Peter Hein van Mulligen, spreekt samen met directeur van het Big Data Expert Centre van Fontys Hogescholen, Erik van Tol, over  de toenemende kansen op het gebied van data in de beleidsvorming en dienstverlening aan het MKB.

Koningin Máxima is lid van het Nederlands Comité voor Ondernemerschap en Financiering. Dit comité is in 2011 opgericht als vervolg op de Raad voor Microfinanciering, waarvan Koningin Máxima van 2007 tot 2011 lid was. Zij zet zich in om het bereik van financieringsmogelijkheden te vergroten, zowel met coaching als met krediet voor potentiële en bestaande kleine ondernemers.

Meer informatie
Christien Stoker, ministerie van Economische zaken
06 – 55493860

DARE seminar on knowledge triangle between Education, Research and Entrepreneurship

Suppose that we needed to plea for more funding for entrepreneurship education, how would we pitch the (assumed) benefits of these endeavors for economic prosperity? In other words, what are the effects of our efforts to promote entrepreneurship through education programs? Key questions that were addressed during the 8th DARE research seminar in Utrecht, co-organized with Utrecht School of Economics and ECSB. Our main conclusion after a day of insightful research and fruitful discussions: we are gaining insights, but there is still much that we do not know and it is necessary to collaborate in entrepreneurship research and share information.

Erik Stam - Knowledge triangle in the Entrepreneurial Ecosystem

Erik Stam – Knowledge triangle in the Entrepreneurial Ecosystem

To put the efforts of entrepreneurship education and a society’s entrepreneurial endeavors in a relevant context, Erik Stam (Utrecht University) introduced the Entrepreneurial Ecosystem approach. The interaction between education, research and entrepreneurship also known as the ‘knowledge triangle’, can help tackle jointly economic an social challenges. It was stressed that in order to have a productive knowledge triangle, that contributes to a  a society’s prosperity, we need to produce valuable knowledge, carried by innovations. Hence, it is important to know that the knowledge triangle will only be productive if it is embedded in a well functioning entrepreneurial ecosystem. Future challenges set out for entrepreneurship researchers are to unravel the effects of key elements in the ecosystems (e.g. culture, institutions, finance, leadership, networks) on the generation of entrepreneurial activity (e.g. student entrepreneurs, spin-offs, entrepreneurial employee activity).

One important insight of the day was that (self-)awareness of entrepreneurship as a viable career option could be affected by entrepreneurship education. An international research endeavor on student’s entrepreneurial intentions, specifically addresses this relationship as explained by Anne van Ewijk (Abu Dhabi University). So far, 41 universities have been approached of which 17 assured their participation. There is still opportunity to participate in the project (click here for more information). Also, research by Matthijs Hammer (Delft University of Technology/Saxion University of Applied Sciences) showed that the didactical design of some entrepreneurship education programs in the Netherlands score higher on the awareness phase of the entrepreneurial opportunity and development process, while other programs are more oriented towards venture creation. In contrast, two  Finnish programs assessed in the study were more balanced considering their orientation on  entrepreneurial phases.

How does human capital affect the allocation of entrepreneurial talent across independent and employee activity?

How does human capital affect the allocation of entrepreneurial talent across independent and employee activity?

In general, an individual educational attainment is an important breeding ground for entrepreneurial activity. It can positively affect the propensity to become an ambitious entrepreneur, not only in an independent position but also as an entrepreneurial employee (intrapreneurs). Werner Liebregts (Utrecht University) demonstrated how this effect is even stronger for the latter category, especially in countries with a high uncertainty avoidant population. Extending these outcomes, Sharon Dolmans (Eindhoven University of Technology) showed a positive impact of entrepreneurship educational programs (Jong Ondernemen) on employment activities and employability. By means of a field experiment with control group design, the study found support of: a higher likelihood of employment, a shorter time to the first job, a higher likelihood of managing positions, and more time spent on leading new initiatives.

Finally, an important new insight that the seminar yielded was presented by André van Stel (Kozminski University). He stressed that family firm succession is becoming more and more problematic as the intentions of students to take over their parents’ business are low (approximately 5% across the world). Better employment options, starting an own business and negative experiences in the family firm may interfere. Taking that into account it was found that this succession interest can be raised by: involvement of children in their parents’ business operations during their university studies, and with dedicated university programs promoting the interest of current students in their parents’ business operations.


Expert panel - What do we know and what do we still need to know about the effects of entrepreneurship education?

Expert panel – What do we know and what do we still need to know about the effects of entrepreneurship education?

A general conclusion of the day was that entrepreneurship education may be beneficial for both students and the wider society, even if not all students end up running their own businesses.  The various presentations showed that in modern economies, the availability of entrepreneurial emloyees becomes more and more important for business success.  Moreover, students following entrepreneurship education are more likely to find a managing position, either in a corporate firm or in a family business.  Hence, entrepreneurship education enables the emergence of successful new businesses not only by delivering new independent entrepreneurs but also by delivering entrepreneurial employees that the independent entrepreneurs need to make their business a success.

Presentations of the symposium can be downloaded here (the link expires after 24 November, after that available upon request at

The next DARE-event is due in Spring 2016. If you have any suggestions or would like to co-organize a DARE seminar please contact our Secretary (Nardo de Vries:


DARE update: new website, call for papers and extending the network

DARE update


On the verge of, undoubtedly, a well-earned summer break we would like to inform you on the latest developments within the Dutch Academy of Research in Entrepreneurship (DARE). This year, we witnessed much dynamic and enthusiasm within the DARE community. As a result numerous initiatives were started, on which we would like to inform you.

New DARE website, powered by DutchCE

DARE now has a new website and a new partner: Dutch Centers for Entrepreneurship (DutchCE). The new website can be found on and provides the latest information on papers, events and other news from the Dutch entrepreneurship research community. Please stay informed by visiting the website and by following our new twitteraccount @DareResearch. Special thanks go out to Hein Roelfsema from DutchCE for making the website available and who will also help with providing content and support for DARE initiatives in the future. You will be hearing a lot more from him.

“Topondernemersregeling”-event July 2nd with ECE and DutchCE

On July 2nd DARE co-organized an event at the ECE Campus in Rotterdam on the so-called “Topondernemersregeling”. This policy instrument can be implemented by (higher) education intitutes to better facilitate high potential, ambitious student entrepreneurs, who otherwise would face trouble with their curriculum. In that sense, it is analogue to the arrangement for professional athletes known as the “topsportregeling”. One important finding was that only very few students qualify as a ‘topondernemer’, but that there were good opportunities to provide tailored support for these high potentials. Contingencies of the arrangement were deemed valuable, e.g. the intragroup learning effects were substantial and it was also worthwhile to monitor high potentials in an early stage.

Call for papers for the 8th DARE seminar in Utrecht

The upcoming DARE seminar, on 5 November 2015 at Utrecht University, aims to discuss the current state of research in the Netherlands on entrepreneurship education, technology transfer and knowledge valorisation. With this we aim to contribute to the knowledge triangle between education, research and entrepreneurship. DARE invites researchers and practitioners to submit papers related to these topics before 1 October 2015. For more information please visit or contact us by email:

Extending the DARE network

The DARE seminar last May in Maastricht suggested greater involvement of the professorships on entrepreneurship at the Dutch Universities of Applied Sciences. This coincided with the founding of a joint collaboration/meeting of these professorships (Lectorenoverleg ondernemerschap). DARE is delighted by this enthusiasm and involvement and facilitates this by welcoming the professorships as DARE-fellows. In our philosophy this helps to invoke more joint efforts, like: joint proposals (e.g. RAAK/NWO grants), joint data collection (e.g. GUESSS; Alumni monitors), joint research agendas. More information will follow on the DARE website.

Enjoy the summer break!

We thank everyone within DARE for their involvement and please let us know if there is anything interesting for the members that we can share on the website or mail. Also suggestions, research outcomes and initiatives are highly welcomed. Keep up the good work and enjoy a well-deserved summer break!

Warmest regards from DARE,

Nardo de Vries (Secretary),
Roy Thurik (Chair),
Hein Roelfsema (DutchCE).

 Logo-Dare-Website  DutchCE


ECE meetup topondernemersregeling 2 juli 15Entrepreneurship among students is on the rise and more and more ambitious student entrepreneurs are discovering that successfully combining studies and running a business can prove challenging. Student entrepreneurs either spend less time on their startup or study resultingin dropouts or bankruptcy. While Steve Jobs (Apple), Mark Zuckerberg (Facebook), and Dutch Pieter Zwart (Coolblue) have been highly successful despite dropping out of college, this will not be the reality for many student entrepreneurs. This begs the question: how can we help ambitious student-entrepreneurs to successfully combine academics and runninga business?

On July 2nd, on behalf of the Dutch Centres for Entrepreneurship (Dutch CE) and the Ministry of Economic Affairs, as well as The Dutch Academy for Research in Entrepreneurship (DARE) and Startup Delta, the ECE hosted a meetup with more than 30 educators, specialists, and leaders in the field of entrepreneurship education to talk about specialty support programmes for student entrepreneurs – the so called ‘topondernemersregeling – and best practices in the creation of an ecosystem which promotes entrepreneurial talent.

While all of the programmes experienced their own challenges in creation and implementation, the successes seen in the three cases presented at the meetup only further strengthen the need for support for students in the completion of their studies and growth of their startup.

For a full impression and report, please click:


Conference on success and well-being among entrepreneurs in the Netherlands (PhD defense Josette Dijkhuizen)

On June 25, female entrepreneur and PhD candidate Josette Dijkhuizen, will publicly defend her dissertation, titled: Entrepreneurship, easier said than done…. A study on success and well-being among entrepreneurs in The Netherlands. 

In her dissertation Dijkhuizen investigated how entrepreneurs’ job demands relate to their work-related strain and work engagement, as well as their feelings of subjective success. Among others, her work contributes to the literature firstly by focusing on psychological rather than business outcomes of entrepreneurship, and secondly by contextualizing demands and resources for entrepreneurs, e.g. capturing the general but also the specific factors that are demands and resources in entrepreneurial work.

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